Formed from the ashes of the Refreshments, Dead Hot Workshop, and the Gin Blossoms, Roger Clyne & the Peacemakers emerged in 1999 as a Southwestern supergroup specializing in literate, pop-tinged Americana. The Arizona-bred frontman Roger Clyne had previously established himself with the Refreshments during the post-grunge heyday of the '90s. Although the cheeky pop anthem "Banditos" earned the band some national recognition in 1996, the Refreshments were dropped from Mercury Records after their sophomore effort failed to chart as high as its predecessor. Clyne and drummer P.H. Naffah subsequently retreated to Tempe, Arizona, where the two composed a slew of new songs during a week-long excursion through the Sonoran Desert. Intimate shows at local bars followed, and the pair steadily pieced together a lineup of local veterans that would soon comprise Roger Clyne & the Peaceamkers. By 1999, Clyne and Naffah had been joined by ex-Gin Blossoms guitarist Scott Johnson, ex-Dead Hot Workshop guitarist Steve Larson, and bassist Danny White.